How To Test Water Hardness

To say that hard water can be problematic is an understatement.

How To Test Water Hardness

It creates mineral build up around faucets, gives you low water pressure, wears down fixtures, reacts with cleaning products, gives you a slow flushing toilet, leaves you with spotty glasses and dishes, and it can even affect your laundry, causing dry and itchy skin.

That’s why it’s worth testing your water to find out just how hard the water is. If you know there’s a problem, then you can do something about it.

But most people have no clue whether the water in their faucet is hard or soft. So the first step to eliminating any of the problems caused by hard water is to find out whether your water is hard or soft, and take things from there.

In this article, we’re going to kick things off with a few basics, including explaining what hard water is, what signs there may be that your water is hard, and three simple methods of testing for water hardness, including how to interpret the results.

And if it turns out that you do have hard water, we’ll point you in the direction of some of our other articles that might help you, so that you can treat the water.

By the end of the article, you will know not only what the signs are that your water is hard, but also exactly how to test your water for hardness.

Please feel free to scroll ahead to any section that jumps out at you. Here goes!

What Exactly Is Hard Water Anyway?

Hard water is basically just water with high mineral content. Hard water is formed when water moves through deposits of limestone, chalk, and the like. It is often high in the minerals calcium and magnesium.

Knowing The Signs To Look For

Here are some of the tell-tale signs that your water may be hard:

  • low water pressure from faucets, shower heads, and your toilet
  • reaction with cleaning products, such as a film on your hands when washing them
  • spotty glasses and dishes, even after washing them
  • dry and itchy skin when wearing freshly washed laundry
  • Your tap water tastes a little odd

(To be honest, this is only a very brief list that only scratches the surface of the problems caused by hard water.)

How To Test For Water Hardness

Of course, it’s rarely sufficient to just assume that your water is hard, and due diligence requires that you test it to be sure. Here are three easy ways to test for water hardness.

1. Simple Soap Test

I’ll start by leveling with you here. This test won’t provide you with a concrete level of water hardness, for that you will need to invest a few dollars in a water hardness testing kit (more on that shortly). But it will tell you if you have a high level of hard water in your home.

Here’s what to do:

  • Grab a see-through bottle and fill with water up to a third of the way up.
  • Add a few drops of standard liquid soap, and shake it well.

If your water is too hard, the water will look cloudy and milky afterward, rather than perfectly clear.

2. Check With Your Water Provider

Your water provider is required to provide you with a consumer confidence report at least once a year, which should walk you through where your water comes from and what it contains.

This report may also specify the level of hardness of your water supply. So, if you still have a recent report, you can check it against the water hardness scale laid out later in this article. If you’ve lost your water report, you can request a new one from your water provider.

3. Use A High-Quality Hard Water Test Kit

Alternatively, you can spend a few dollars on a high quality water hardness test kit, like this one available on Amazon. It’s very affordable, the instructions are easy to follow, and you get a whopping 150 test strips in each kit, so you can test multiple areas.

If you find that you do have hard water, and you install a water softener, you can use these test strips to check the water once the softener is installed to judge the effectiveness of the water softener.

You may also find water testing kits that test for more issues besides water hardness. For example, this 16 in 1 Drinking Water Test Kit, also available from Amazon, also tests pH, and tests for the presence of chlorine, lead, iron, copper, nitrate, and nitrite.

How Is Water Hardness Measured?

How Is Water Hardness Measured

Water hardness is measured on a scale ranging from soft, right the way through to very hard. The water hardness can be measured in two ways, number of grains per gallon (GPG), or number of milligrams per liter (mg/L). Here’s a quick table for you:

Soft waterLess than 1 GPG0 to 17 mg/L
Slightly hard water1.5 to 5 GPG17 to 60 mg/L
Moderately hard water3.5 to 7 GPG60 to 120 mg/L
Hard water7 to 10 GPG120 to 180 mg/L
Very hard waterMore than 10 GPGOver 180 mg/L

How To Treat Hard Water Effectively

If it turns out that you do in fact have hard water, please refer to the following articles to learn how to rectify the situation:

  • How To Fix Hard Water
  • Do I Need A Water Softener
  • How To Install A Water Softener
  • How To Soften Hard Water – 7 Effective Hard Water Treatment Ideas

Wrap Up

So, hard water can cause quite a lot of problems, from leaving your dishes dirty, to causing expensive-to-repair damage to your plumbing, and leaving your laundered clothes itchy and uncomfortable to wear.

However, if you suspect you have a hard water problem, this is very easy to diagnose, and doesn’t take a whole lot of effort to put right. But you must begin by figuring out the source of the issue to know how to deal with it.

Mandy Anderson